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According to a journal about Teaching Science Processing Skill, "Science process skills are a set of skills used in scientific activities. Students with science process skills are actively involved in learning. Opportunities to be actively involved in learning can be obtained by students if the learning stage is designed in such a way. 

This article is about a lesson that is expected to teach students' science process skills and can help build their understanding of the concept of buoyant force. 

This learning can be carried out for students at the junior high school level. This learning process uses the 5-stage learning cycle consisting of observation, manipulation, generalization, verification, and application phase. 

Each activity is expected to facilitates students to develop science process skills such as observing, inferring, predicting, asking questions, constructing hypotheses, designing experiments, applying concepts, and communicating..."

In the teaching and learning of science, some science process skills are needed and this article will briefly speak of four:

(1) OBSERVATION:- Just as detectives look for clues to murder weapons, motive of crimes and criminals; a student must possess trained skills for observation using the sense of sight, touch, smell, hear, taste, etc. According to Hodgson and Scanlon (1983) "the powers of observation can be learnt..."

(2) CLASSIFICATION:- This is another skill of a scientist or someone learning to become a scientist. This ability requires a very deep understanding of how to sort things in accordance with their types or properties using genres, habits, sizes, colors, ages, genders, etc.

(3) COMMUNICATION:- Whether written, spoken, coding, or other means; scientific researches and outcomes are brought to light through communication. Any student of science must be skilled in talking, writing, drawing, charting, plotting; for the sole aim of scientific developments.

An additional education can be gathered from the slide below:

(4) PREDICTION:- One of the skills that places science ahead of other disciplines is prediction. A good scientist should be able to guess correctly what happens when a glowing splint of wood is introduced into a glass jar full of gas. The wood splint will definitely burst into flame.

science fair project ideas
"The hypothesis is your general statement of how you think the scientific phenomenon in question works.
Your prediction lets you get specific -- how will you demonstrate that your hypothesis is true? The experiment that you will design is done to test the prediction.
An important thing to remember during this stage of the scientific method is that once you develop a hypothesis and a prediction, you shouldn't change it, even if the results of your experiment show that you were wrong..." (Understanding and Using the Scientific Method)

To crown it all, it is a good feeling knowing that the teaching and learning of science always enhances deep thinking.
READ ALSO: Positivism And Logical Positivism

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